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Sustainable Agriculture

Natural Resource Management & Alternative Livelihood Development

In order to feed its cores of population and attain self-reliance in the arena of food, India adopted the “Green Revolution” package in 1960’s. That was the entry point of India in the field of modern agriculture. But presently we are aware of the pitfalls of “Green Revolution” which has resulted in the loss of fertility of the land, and its degradation. It has led to the decrease in the ground-water resource of the land due to reckless use of it. Besides the above, there has been a loss in many seed variety, crops variety and biodiversity of plant and animal life. The agriculture system is now completely dependent upon the multinational companies. The marketing of its product are also under the control of others. Increasing deforestation, degradation of the ecosystem and the environment, loss in traditional knowledge and technology of farming, lack of organisational effort among the farmers, decayance of agriculture-based-industry, cottage industry are tormenting the environmentalists. So, in order to avoid the ‘no-comeback’ situation, Janakalyan Samity is working in collaboration with Development Research Communication and Services Centre for the last 18 years in the field of sustainable agriculture. Since 2007, KKS-Germany is working with KJKS on same issues. The method followed by the Samity has yielded good results.

 Main objective of the project:

  • To elevate the state of human life condition and eradicate poverty through sustainable agriculture.
  • Proper utilisation and management of local natural resources life and in turn decrease dependence on other sources.
  • To be self reliant and increase income through the development of high quality agriculture and agricultural product.
  • To maintain the balance of land - water – plant and animal life, increase their quality and diversity through proper use.
  • To keep the food chain intact and increase overall growth by integrated system approach.
  • To attain food security by bringing change in traditional crops and their harvest and also eating-habits.
  • Sustaining research on alternative technology and management of animal husbandry, fisheries, harvesting, plantation, animal fodder and medicinal plants so that success in these fields would be successfully implemented and made widespread.
  • To bring a change in the consciousness, concepts, opinions and attitude of the common people so that they would come together and form associations of beneficiaries and others and in turn mobilise against anti-people policies and system.
  • To spread awareness and information among people through People’s Information Centres and other media.
  • To enhance employment by promoting need-based livelihood and thus reduce poverty by increasing the quality of small scale livelihood system.


Keeping in mind the objectives of sustainable agriculture the Samity has adopted the following programmes. The Samity has organised, among 125 farmers’ groups and 335 women groups of 19 development centres and in branch offices of the Samity and in other places, the following activities like integrated agricultural system, nutritional garden, medicinal plants, different research activities, different skill development jobs, activities related to survey and documentation, group level income projects and activities related to growth in income generation, different kinds of activities related to campaigning, creating organisations, establishing liaison between governmental departments and panchayat departments and also initiating programmes connected to joint ventures etc.


PROBLEMS:

After a study the KJKS has found following burning problems in this sectors...

  •     Mono-crop area
  •     Ground water is saline.
  •     Very bad drainage system.
  •     Depend on chemical fertilizer and pesticides for agriculture operation.
  •     Migration to others district.
  •     Market dependency production.
  •     Decrease indigenous livelihood practices.
  •     Not utilizing resources properly in the areas.
  •     Absence of proper knowledge & skill among the producers for production, utilise of local resources and others things.
  •     Local farmers are depends on big business man and moneylenders. So, animal husbandry and fishery works are not profitable.
  •     Destroying natural resources.
  •     Pollution is increasing by this agricultural operation.
  •     Agriculture related cottage industries are going to be closed as result unemployment is increasing.
  •     Natural calamities such as cyclone, flood and droughts.
  •     Absence of producer organization.
  •     Fertility of soil is decreased.
  •     The Govt.’s programs are not implement properly and successfully.
  •     The producers are ignored about facilities for them.
  •     Fodder for the animal is not easily available
  •     Increase migration day by day.
  •     The producers depend on non-agril. -sectors for agriculture operation except land and labours.
  •     Manpower is sufficiently available, but not used properly of plan fully

From whom we are getting the fund:

  •     Child Rights and You-CRY
  •     KKS-Germany